Everything you need to know about the ozone layer
There is not one person in the world who has never heard of the ozone layer, at least once. On television, on the street or in a school book. It is increasingly talked about now with weather fluctuations (high or very low temperature): “what ozone hole cause?”. This hole is responsible for protecting us from harmful sun rays. It is part of the atmosphere of the Earth, which contains an intense ozone gas.
Part of the oxygen gas is converted into ozone gas in the ozone layer by the strong ultraviolet rays produced by the sun and affects this part of the atmosphere because there are no thick layers of air above it to protect it. This layer is of vital importance to us as it reduces the arrival of short ultraviolet waves with a great concentration to the Earth’s surface.
More than 190 countries signed the Montreal Protocol of 1987, which sets out the procedures to be followed at the global, regional and local level to phase out substances that deplete the ozone layer to become the September 16 World Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer. There is some information that increases your knowledge of the ozone layer, Important India.
1. Charles Fabry and Henry Boyson discovered the ozone layer in 1913 and details of it were discovered by Gordon Dobson, who developed an ozone meter in the stratosphere – one of the upper atmosphere – from the Earth’s surface.
2. The chemical formula for Ozone is O3, which means that it consists of three oxygen molecules linked to each other. As a result, it is also known as “trioxygen” where “tri” refers to three, and that layer is light blue.
3. The smell of the ozone layer may smell and you are not aware of it. After the appearance of the thunderstorm, you will smell a pungent odor in the air. It is the ozone that emerges as a result of this storm.
4. The ozone layer protects people living on the planet from harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun before reaching Earth, which helps protect against diseases that can be caused by exposure to ultraviolet light, such as skin cancers and cataracts.
5. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), chemicals containing chlorine, were used in different refrigerants and processes, and those substances caused a hole in the ozone layer; one chlorine atom could destroy 10,000 ozone molecules.
6. Ozone is much less stable than oxygen in the air we breathe, making the ozone layer very sensitive and vulnerable to breakage, and the hole in the ozone layer will also greatly increase the Earth’s temperature.
7. The ozone layer is in a gaseous state because it contains a very low boiling point, or minus 112 ° C, the boiling point of any substance that is converted from liquid to gas.
8. The ozone layer ranges from 10 to 50 km above ground, depending on the locations from which it is measured.
9. Although the ozone layer in the stratosphere helps protect our health and our planet, but if you breathe a lot of pure ozone in large quantities, it destroys the respiratory system.
10 – The word ozone comes from the Greek word «ozein», which means smell, this name in reference to the smell of the famous famous ozone.
11. In World War I, ozone gas was used to try to treat a variety of diseases, including ditch and gangrene, and was used to try to clear wounds inflicted by soldiers on the battlefield.
12. A large hole in the Antarctic ozone layer was discovered in 1985 by scientists and it was soon found that chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were the cause of this hole, resulting in their transformation into banned substances.