Scientists finally discover the “missing material” in the universe
Scientists from the University of Colorado Boulder have uncovered what may constitute some “lost material” that has been “hidden” in the universe since the Big Bang.
Astrophysicists have identified about two-thirds of the natural material believed to have been created when the universe arose. The international team claims scientists have found a “treasure” of ordinary matter that has not been discovered before.
The new material was called “missing baryon problem”.
The barion, or what is known as ordinary matter, differs from the elusive dark matter, which physicists believe constitutes 85% of the entire universe matter, which has never been seen, and is still a mystery.
In the new study, scientists from the University of Colorado Boulder analyzed the radiation of a pseudo-star, or “quasar”, and found that the “missing substance” existed as oxygen gas lines in the intergalactic vacuum. In these environments, temperatures were about 1 million degrees Celsius .
“This is one of the basic pillars of the Big Bang test, that is, the discovery of hydrogen parion, helium and everything else in the periodic table,” said Michael Schul, co-author of the study.
The results come after 20 years of research according to scientists, and back to 2012, the researchers suggested that barions may be present in the “Web” known as the interstellar between hot galaxies (WHIM).
“This is where nature has become very abnormal,” Schul said. “This intergalactic medium contains gas filaments at temperatures ranging from a few thousand to several million degrees.”
Scientists looked at a false star called “1ES 1553”, the remains of a kind of oxygen gas ionized between the pseudo-stars and our solar system.
The researchers say further study is needed to confirm their findings and how oxygen gas has reached this place.