Shocking information about poverty around the world
“821 million people are hungry in the world in 2017. One out of every nine people is suffering from not getting his day’s health .. Hundreds of millions of people are in danger,” he said in an official report issued by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) , In collaboration with the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Program (WFP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO), called for urgent measures to address the growing world hunger rate and warned that the situation remains the same.
Despite the serious international attempts, the most recent of which was the Rome Conference held in September 2015 and attended by many labor leaders with the aim of developing a comprehensive framework for collective action aimed at achieving sustainable development in its three dimensions – economic, social and environmental – in a balanced and integrated manner, In 2016, then returned to rise again last year.
According to the State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World Report of 2018 released last Tuesday, progress in tackling the multiple forms of malnutrition, ranging from stunting and adult obesity, is limited, putting the health of hundreds of millions of people at risk, Nearly 151 million children under the age of five are underweight for their age due to malnutrition in 2017, compared with 165 million in 2012.
Globally, Africa and Asia accounted for 34 percent and 55 percent of all stunted children, respectively, with Africa with the highest prevalence of nutritional deficiency, 23 percent, followed by Asia with 11 percent of the total population.
The situation in Africa, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, is more pressing than ever, with 1 in 5 people suffering from chronic food deprivation in 2017. The report attributed the situation in Africa to several factors, including drought and rapid population growth, As well as slowing economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa.
“Climate variability affecting rainfall patterns, agricultural seasons and extreme weather events, such as drought and floods, are among the main factors behind high levels of hunger,” the UN report said. Climate variability and extreme events were key underlying causes of acute food crises Undermines the dimensions of food security known as food availability, accessibility, use and stability.
“Climate variability threatens to lose the gains made in countries’ strategies to fight hunger,” said the report. “Severe droughts associated with the strong El Niño phenomenon have affected many countries and have contributed to record levels of hunger because of drought or severe drought.
Climate change, according to the report, has undermined the production of major crops such as wheat, rice and maize in tropical and temperate regions. “Without building resilience to these changes, it will worsen as temperatures rise to more extreme, In temperatures in agricultural crop areas is higher than the long-term average for the period 2011-2016, which has led to repeated episodes of severe heat in the last five years, and the nature of rainy seasons, such as early or late season start, and uneven distribution of rain in A certain season. ”
The report made an urgent appeal to enhance resilience to climate variability by taking preventive measures against the risks posed by climate change, addressing the effects of the drivers of climate change, promoting the provisions of the Paris Convention in 2015 and better integrating policy platforms and processes to ensure consistency Objectives and achievement.
“The prevalence of undernourishment and the increase in the number of people suffering from it tends to be higher in countries that are highly vulnerable to the extreme climate, and the proportion of undernourishment is higher when exposure to climate extremes is associated with a high proportion of the population dependent on farming systems characterized by With a high degree of sensitivity to rain and temperature fluctuations ».
The resulting damage to agricultural production, according to the report, contributes to a lack of food availability, with direct effects that cause rising food prices and income losses that reduce people’s access to food.
The report said that obesity in adults is getting worse, and more than one in eight adults in the world are obese. “This problem is bigger in North America, but Africa and Asia are also seeing an upward trend in this area,” the report said.
The problems of undernourishment and obesity are found in many countries, even in one household. “Difficult access to useful food because of its high cost, the stress of living without food security, physiological adjustment and food deprivation all help explain why Families that lack food security are at greater risk of being overweight and obese. ”
“The proportion of stunting in children under the age of five is declining from about 22 percent in 2017. The number of stunted children has dropped from 165.2 million in 2012 to 150.8 million children, In 2017, and the number of children suffering from wasting has dropped to 5.5 million. The number of children with obesity reached 38.3 million last year. ” “Child wasting is the result of poor food security, inadequate nutrition practices and poor access to health, water and sanitation services,” the report says, noting that under-optimal breastfeeding and the lack of complementary foods may cause wasting, as well as anorexia Diarrhea and poor absorption of nutrients in the intestines.
According to the report, food insecurity contributes to overweight and obesity due to the high cost of healthy nutrients and the tendency to rely on high-fat materials. One out of every three women of childbearing age worldwide suffers from anemia, which has significant consequences for health and growth. Women and their children. The report describes this as “shameful.” No region showed a decrease in the incidence of anemia among women of childbearing age, and its prevalence in Africa and Asia was almost three times higher than in North America.
Exclusive breastfeeding rates in Africa and Asia are 1.5 times higher than in North America, where only 26% of infants under six months of age receive exclusive breast milk.
“The heads of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the World Food Program (WFP), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO) “The alarming signs of increasing food insecurity and high levels of various forms of malnutrition constitute a clear warning message that there is much work to be done to make sure that we will not let anyone lag behind in our pursuit of sustainable development goals On food security and improve nutrition. »
“The desire to reach a world free from hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030 makes it imperative that we accelerate and scale up measures to strengthen resilience, adapt food systems and improve people’s livelihoods in response to climate variability and extreme events .
The report called for “the implementation and expansion of interventions to ensure access to nutritious foods and to break the cycle of intergenerational malnutrition” and said that “policies should pay special attention to groups most vulnerable to the adverse consequences of poor access to Food, infants, under-five children, school-age children, adolescent girls and women. ”
At the same time, the report called for “a sustainable shift towards agriculture and nutrition-sensitive food systems that can provide safe and high-quality food for all.”