Stunning archaeological sites may disappear from the world map soon
Scientists have warned that many of the picturesque archaeological sites at the Mediterranean Sea, which attract tourists from around the world, may disappear completely in the future, being vulnerable to destruction by natural disasters caused by climate change.
A team of academics led by Lena Riemann of Kiel University in Germany established a database of all UNESCO Mediterranean sites, at risk in the next century due to flooding or “coastal erosion”, using mathematical models to predict how high-level impact Sea on them.
The study included scenic sites such as the Italian city of Venice , the Italian Amalfi Beach, and the Piazza del Duomo, the most important square in the Italy.
The researchers found out that 49 of coastal sites around the Mediterranean, only two sites would be safe from flooding or coastal erosion by the year 2100.
More than three quarters of the sites (37) were exposed to severe flooding by the year 2100, according to the British site “Daily Mail”, the researchers said.
Piazza del Duomo in Pisa is the only site at risk of flooding, while 90% of the sites will face the risk of coastal erosion by the end of the century (42 locations).
Sites such as the Greek island of Rhodes, the Tunisian city of Sousse, archaeological areas in the Italian city of Pompeii, the ancient Roman city of Herkolaneum, southern Italy, the Greek island of Corfu and the archaeological areas of the south-eastern Sicilian Valley, The Stari Grad plain in Cyprus, will face only coastal erosion risk.
By the year 2100, flood risks could increase by 50% and the risk of erosion by 13% throughout the region.
The results can easily be replicated and applied to other regions, where a large number of world heritage sites are likely to be at risk from coastal disasters due to sea level rise, such as in South-East Asia.
According to the research published in the journal “Nature Communications “: “with increasing coastal hazards such as floods and erosion with sea-level rise, a large number of coastal world heritage sites will be progressively compromised in the future, threatening the world’s prominent value for sites Affected and likely to result in loss of economic revenue “.