Who are the Amazigh people “Berber of Morocco”?
Amazigh celebrated the decision of the Moroccan House of Representatives on the 10th of this month to use Tamazight as an official language in the country, although it was adopted in the Constitution eight years ago. The law draws the stages of its use and how it is incorporated into public life and formal institutions in stages. However, some amazighs accuse Parliament of circumventing and lack of transparency in its application as an official language.
What does the Amazigh demand?
The alphabet used by the Amazighs and Tuaregs is called “Tifinagh “, one of the oldest alphabets in the world, and is quite different from the Arabic and Latin alphabet.
It was used more than two thousand years ago by the inhabitants of the region in their native homeland, which stretches from western Egypt to the Canary Islands, and from the borders of the southern Mediterranean to the depths of the Sahara desert in the Niger and Mali.
This alphabet has undergone changes over the ages and has stabilized in its current form for nearly 500 years. They were used to express their religious, national, cultural and other rituals.
With the advent of Islam in these regions, a group of Amazighs adopted the Arabic-Maghreb dialect, which is a mixture of Arabic and Amazigh. The amazighs of the Canary Islands adopted Spanish, but they prepared themselves amazigha.
The Amazighs language belongs to the Afro-Asian language family and is linked to the ancient Egyptian and Ethiopian languages. There are different dialects, including differences in pronunciation, but they have similar rules and vocabulary.
The Amazigh calendar differs from the Gregorian, the Amazigh New Year coincides with the 13th of January each year, and the current year according to the Amazigh calendar is the year 2969.
Despite the fact that the areas in which they are located and the disappearance of their language from official circulation are Arabic-Islamic, they have preserved their traditions, identity and language from extinction.
The Amazigh language has disappeared from the long-term circulation of the Amazigh. The Touareg is credited with preserving the language because of their isolation in the Sahara. Amazigh has been the Tuareg language since the present time.
It was revived by the Amazigh in Algeria in the 1960s by the Amazigh Academy. Over the hundreds of years, the Amazighs have resisted the full arabization of their language and culture and kept them from disappearing, despite their limited use.
In Morocco, it was revived through the Royal Institute of Amazigh Culture after the protests of the “February 20 movement” in 2001.
Although the Moroccan Constitution had provided for the inclusion of Tamazight as an official language for eight years, the Parliament had approved its teaching in the State institutions in stages to formalize it.
Abdullah Baddou, president of the Amazigh Network for citizenship, says in a statement to the media: “The drafting of the law does not meet the criteria that guarantee the vitality of the Amazigh, and does not guarantee its parity with the Arab, especially since the law in its definition of amazighness is reduced in mere expressions, which automatically transmits Not to commit to the demarcation of Tamazight as a language, and raises the question regarding the strategy of the State in dealing with it. “
Amazigh distribution Places
Amazighs are deployed in the north of the African continent, from Morocco to the west to Egypt, and from the Mediterranean to the Niger River to the south.
In Morocco, they are spread in the north of the country, the Rif region and the Atlas Mountains, in Algeria in the tribal region, in the east and in the north of the Sahara, in Tunisia, in Djerba, and in the east of Gafsa, in Libya, in the Nafusa Mountain and its visitors, while in Egypt they are in Siwa oasis and scattered areas in Mali, Niger and Faso and Mauritania, which are moving across its borders with the Tuareg tribes.
Their number in their countries is not known because there are no statistics, and the Amazigh word is not yet defined.
Many people consider themselves Arabs, although they are of Amazigh origin, but have been fleeing since the advent of Islam in the region, especially those in Libya, Algeria and Morocco.
In addition to their distribution in their places of origin, millions of them are also in Europe.
Origin of Amazighs “Berbers”
The Amazigh was called “Berber “, which, according to one theory, is derived from the word of Barbados and means the Greek.
As for the amazighs, they explain the Amazigh word “the free nobleman” and call Morocco the name “TAMAZGT “, the Amazigh land.
There is disagreement about their historical origins, from experts who say they came from ancient Yemen and travelled to Africa through the sea, including those who see that they may have come from Europe or the ancient Mediterranean regions. Archaeologists have, however, found the first human being in history in some parts of Africa, so it is likely that the Amazigh man did not migrate to North Africa but was there from the beginning.
The only certainty is that the amazighs are in the north of the African continent before any other people, according to history books.
The most prominent names in the Amazigh history are:
The Amazigh queen Tehia Orasia, who was nicknamed the shrewd priestess, was a military leader and a queen who defeated the Roman and Islamic armies in many battles.
The resistance to the machine of the Fartam N Sumer, which resisted the French colonization of Algeria, and was nicknamed by the French historian Louis Massignon by “Joan Darrick” as a metaphor for the French heroine Joan Darrick.