Learn about the controversial Amazigh flag story
Moroccans were very interested in sevilla’s recent victory in the European Football League, where the team includes three players of Moroccan origin, including Mounir Haddadi, who sparked controversy among the Moroccan public when he appeared to be waving the Amazigh flag as he celebrated with his colleagues for the title.
Moroccans, as in the rest of North Africa, where Amazighs are widespread, are divided between those who refuse to carry any flag other than the national flag, and those who believe that the Amazigh flag reflects the common identity of the Amazigh and that its carrying does not conflict with national belonging. It is perhaps the expressed by al-Haddadi, who hails from the Rif region, who appeared on the night of Sevilla’s coronation in another photograph, and is surrounded by the Moroccan national flag. What is the story of this controversial science?
The Genesis of Amazigh Science
On Sunday (August 30th), Amazigh peoples celebrated the 23rd anniversary of the Amazigh flag, which brings them together under the banner of a common identity. The flag was officially adopted at the first Congress of the World Congress of the Amazigh World Congress in the Canary Islands in 1997.
Congress is a non-governmental organization comprising Amazigh activists from North Africa and the Sahara, which aims to defend Amazigh’s political, economic, social and cultural rights and cultural identity.
However, the idea of science emerged years before the Canary Islands Conference, specifically in the 1970s.
The idea originated and originated within an association in France called the Berber Academy, founded by professors, researchers and artists, mostly from the Algerian tribal region.
In addition to the creation of the Amazigh flag, the Association, through its interest in Amazigh symbols, has revived the letter tifnaga, the language of ancient Amazigh writing.
Hussein Bouyacoubi, a university professor and researcher in Amazigh culture, said the colors of the flag symbolize the geographical area of “Tamzga”, i.e., the areas of presence of Amazigh peoples, stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Oasis of Siwa in Egypt and from the Mediterranean to the Niger River in West Africa.
The Moroccan academic explains that blue symbolizes the sea, and green refers to plains, mountains and yellow symbolizes the desert. Red symbolizes sacrifice and is written in the letter “G”, which refers to Amazigh.
Disturbing the authorities
Amazigh activists assert that Amazigh science has a cultural and identityistic nature that unites all hopes wherever they are, and embodies the values of “freedom, equality and social justice”. On each occasion, they reiterate that their four-colour editing flag is not contrary to national flags.
The raising of the Amazigh flag often angers the authorities in North African countries, which are home to tens of millions of Amazighs. Algerian authorities last year arrested dozens of protesters and charged them with flying the Amazigh flag in popular movement demonstrations that precipitated the end of President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s rule.
In Morocco, the public prosecutor in a judicial hearing cited him as evidence of guilt against some of the detainees of the Rif demonstrations that took place in the northern Moroccan city of Al Hoceima in October 2016.
In recent years, The Tamazga flag has become widespread, with activists raising it in demonstrations of the February 20 movement in 2011, the year that saw the adoption of Amazigh as the official language in the country’s new constitution.
The Amazigh flag has also begun to be raised at cultural and artistic events and at football matches, especially in Amazigh-speaking cities such as Al Hoceima and Agadir.
“The Amazigh flag is raised in events that sometimes disturb the authorities, such as protest demonstrations such as in 2011, or in what is known as the Events of Al Hoceima, but Morocco has not issued any clear and explicit decision to ban the raising of the Amazigh flag,” said Hussein Bouacobi, a university professor and researcher in Amazigh culture.
The Moroccan academic explains that “Amazigh science does not compete with the national flag and is not a substitute for it, but rather an identity science that symbolizes a certain culture and language that brings together members of the Amazigh race.”
The Amazigh flag has crossed the borders of North Africa and the Sahara, where it is raised in international demonstrations by Amazigh communities, as is the case in a number of European countries and Canada.